If you are measuring your blood pressure at home, you may be taking it several times a day. Blood pressure has normal patterns that tend to be higher and lower at certain times of the day. Understanding these patterns can help you identify if your BP is normal or falls outside of range.
Blood pressure is usually not highest in the morning. In this article, I’ll explain more about blood pressure patterns. I’ll talk about why your blood pressure might sometimes be higher in the morning, and whether it’s dangerous.
I’ll also discuss some risk factors for morning hypertension, as well as its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. I’ll also outline some prevention strategies, and tell you when to talk to your doctor.
Blood Pressure Patterns
Is blood pressure usually higher in the morning?
Your blood pressure and many other body systems have a daily rhythm. Blood pressure drops to its lowest levels while you are asleep. A few hours before it is time to wake up, it starts to rise.
However, morning is not the time of day when blood pressure should be highest.Normal blood pressure rhythms peak in the middle of the day, dropping again in the late afternoon and evening.
When is the best time to measure blood pressure?
If you are concerned about or have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, you should measure your blood pressure at several different times of day to identify patterns. If your blood pressure tends to be higher in the morning, you should talk to your doctor, because this is abnormal.
Abnormal blood pressure patterns can indicate certain causes of hypertension or other cardiovascular risk factors.
Abnormal blood pressure patterns can be detected by taking blood pressure readings at different times of the day, including:
- First thing in the morning
- Before lunch
- Before dinner
- Before bed
Keep in mind that exercise, caffeine, and stress can lead to short-term increases in blood pressure. When you take a reading, try to be as calm and still as possible, with your arms and legs uncrossed. Avoid checking your blood pressure immediately after exercise or if you have just experienced a very stressful event.
Causes of High Blood Pressure in The Morning
Certain medical conditions can lead to higher blood pressure in the morning. These include:
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Kidney disease
- Nervous system disorders
- Thyroid disease
Some medications can lead to changes in your blood pressure. If your high blood pressure medication is not dosed correctly or is not effective, it can lead to higher morning readings.
If you are on blood pressure medication that does not control your morning levels, your doctor may want to reassess your dosage or switch you to a different medication.
Certain lifestyle factors can lead to higher blood pressure in the morning.
Is it Dangerous?
Elevated blood pressure in the morning is not an immediate sign of danger, unless your blood pressure levels exceed 180/120 mm Hg. Levels higher than this are considered a hypertensive urgency and should be evaluated by a doctor.
If you notice a consistent pattern of having higher blood pressures in the morning, your physician will want to set a plan to address it to protect your long-term health and decrease possible complications down the road.
You may be at higher risk for morning hypertension if you take certain medications, have uncontrolled hypertension, or have an abnormal sleep pattern. This can happen due to untreated sleep apnea, diabetes, or as a result of night shift work.
Other risk factors include:
- Older age
- Excessive alcohol intake
- Longer sleep times
- Awakening later
- Cold weather climates
- Day of the week (Monday mornings are associated with higher blood pressure readings)
Your blood pressure is regulated as part of your circadian rhythm, so if your sleep patterns are off balance, it can lead to changes in your normal blood pressure. Stress and anxiety can also worsen this effect, especially if those are chronic issues for you.
Symptoms of high blood pressure in the morning include consistent readings that are higher than 120/80 within a few hours of waking up.
If your healthcare provider has asked you to monitor blood pressure at home, or you are doing it proactively, let your provider know if your morning readings tend to be high.
Your doctor may diagnose you with high blood pressure if your readings are 130/80 or higher at any time of the day on at least two separate readings a month apart.
If your levels are higher than 120/80 but lower than 130/80, your health care provider may tell you that you have elevated blood pressure, or pre-hypertension, and you may need to monitor your levels more closely.
You may have temporary increases in blood pressure, including an occasional morning BP surge. Your doctor will be looking for a consistent pattern of fluctuations that are outside of the normal range.
High morning blood pressure is treated similarly to general hypertension. If you are already on blood pressure medication, your doctor may adjust your dosage to help prevent a morning surge.
If you do not already take BP medication, your doctor may prescribe something to keep your levels more balanced.
You cannot always prevent high blood pressure, but healthy lifestyle adjustments can help. Getting regular physical activity, adequate sleep, avoiding excessive intake of alcohol, and not smoking all support healthy blood pressure.
Eating a diet that is lower in sodium and staying properly hydrated may also help.
When to See a Doctor
You should see a doctor if your morning blood pressure readings are higher than 120/80 or you have other concerns about stress, lifestyle, or other factors that could be influencing your blood pressure.
Untreated high blood pressure may lead to harmful effects on your long-term health.
How K Health Can Help
K Health offers affordable and convenient access to highly qualified doctors to treat and manage high blood pressure, as long as you are not having a hypertensive crisis.
You can meet with your K Health doctor from the comfort of your own home via the K Health app, all while knowing that you’re getting individualized and expert care.
Frequently Asked Questions
K Health has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We avoid using tertiary references.
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The risk of waking up: Impact of the morning surge in blood pressure. (2011).
Morning blood pressure surge is associated with death in hypertensive patients. (2014).
Effect of Morning Exercise With or Without Breaks in Prolonged Sitting on Blood Pressure in Older Overweight/Obese Adults. (2019).