Given concerns about antibiotic resistance, when a doctor prescribes cephalexin or any other antibiotic, it’s natural to have some questions.
The first one you should ask: Is this necessary?
You only want to take antibiotics if you need them and have a bacterial infection. (Antibiotics don’t treat viral infections.)
If the answer is yes, you may wonder how long cephalexin stays in your system, as well as what side effects to watch out for.
Discuss all of this with the healthcare provider writing the prescription, and read on for detailed information about what cephalexin treats, how it works, how long it stays in your system, and its side effects and interactions.
This way you will be fully informed before starting the medication.
Cephalexin (Keflex) is a common antibiotic drug used to treat many conditions, including:
- Middle ear infections (otitis media)
- Respiratory tract infections
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
- Strep throat
- Skin and soft tissue infections
It’s also used to prevent endocarditis, an infection that causes inflammation of the lining of the heart.
How Cephalexin Works
Cephalexin works by preventing the growth of the bacterial cell wall.
When this happens, the bacteria causing the infection can’t multiply.
How Long Cephalexin Stays in Your System
Most people eliminate more than 90% of cephalexin through their urine within eight hours of taking the medication.
However, several factors can influence how someone’s body processes the medication, including kidney function, age, and more.
Factors to Consider
Age, health, body mass, dosage, and metabolism are some of the most important factors that may impact how your body processes cephalexin.
Cephalexin is safe and effective for adults aged 65 and older.
However, because the medication is excreted by the kidneys, the risk of toxic reactions may be greater for people who have impaired renal function.
Older adults are more likely to have renal dysfunction, so if you’re over 65, it’s important to talk to your doctor about the right dose for you.
Impaired kidney function affects how your body processes and excretes cephalexin.
Other conditions that may put you at a higher risk for side effects when taking the medication include seizure disorders, liver disease, colitis, and allergies to other antibiotics.
Lower or higher body masses, as well as body composition (how much lean mass versus fat someone has), may affect how long cephalexin stays in the system.
The dose your provider recommends may affect how long cephalexin stays in your system.
Dosage varies based on the specific infection and your age, and can also be customized to accommodate chronic conditions.
For example, if you have impaired kidney function, your doctor may prescribe a lower dose.
Some people metabolize medications faster or slower than others do.
Before starting the prescription, you can ask your provider whether or not your metabolism may affect how your body processes and excretes cephalexin.
Cephalexin Side Effects
Like most antibiotics, cephalexin may cause unwanted side effects, including:
- Abdominal pain
- Vaginal discharge or itchiness (due to a yeast infection)
- Increased levels of creatinine in the body
- Joint pain
In rare cases, cephalexin may cause a severe allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis, which can cause hives, difficulty breathing, and swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Seek medical attention immediately if you are experiencing an allergic reaction or other severe side effects when taking cephalexin.
Cephalexin Interactions and Warnings
Cephalexin may cause adverse reactions when taken with other medications.
Additionally, certain conditions may put you at a higher risk for side effects when taking cephalexin.
What to avoid while taking cephalexin
Certain medications can increase the risk of side effects when taking cephalexin.
If you take any of the following, ask your provider if cephalexin is safe to use:
- Warfarin or other blood thinners
Cephalexin isn’t right for everyone.
Let your provider know if you have any of the following conditions before starting cephalexin:
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- Seizure disorder
- Allergies to medications or cephalosporin antibiotics
Additionally, pregnant or nursing people, seniors, and people who are allergic to beta-lactam medications should consult with their provider to determine if cephalexin is right for them.
When to See a Doctor
Severe side effects are rare, but possible, when taking cephalexin.
If you experience any of the following side effects, contact your doctor as soon as possible:
- Watery or bloody stools
- Pink, red, or dark brown urine
- Painful stomach cramps
- Fever that does not go away
- Swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, or eyes
- Difficulty breathing or swallowing
- Any sign that your original infection has returned
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